Episode 99 - How to make passive forms

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Japanese language makes far more use of passive language and passive verbs than English? The passive voice in Japanese is used for various reasons. One reason is that both the Japanese language and Japanese culture are very indirect – as a result, the passive voice is more frequently used in Japan than in some other countries.

Group1 かきます かかれます kakimasu kakaremasu

いそぎます いそがれます

はなします はなされます

まちます またれます

かいます かわれます

Group2 たべます たべられます

みます みられます

Group3 きます こられます

します されます

※The passive form of Group 2 verbs and きます of Group 3 is the same as the potential form

◆Passive sentence of transitive verbs◆

In the passive sentence, the object becomes the subject, and the transitive verb is changed into the passive form. The particle に is attached to the noun which is the source of the action.



Teacher praised me.

I was praised by my teacher.

ジョンは先生に質問をしました。John asked the teacher a question.

先生はジョンに質問をされました。The teacher was asked a question by John.



Mother scold the kid.

Kid was scold by his mother.

When the object is an inanimate things, it is difficult to make the passive sentence.




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