Episode 101 - How to use passive forms (Passive Sentence of Intransitive Verbs)

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pxVjhLxElf8&t=244s

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In Japanese, the passive voice also is used when the speaker wants to inject the sentence with emotion. For example, Japanese speakers often use the passive voice in situations where they want to convey a sense that they are a “victim”. In other words, they use the passive voice to describe when something bad has happened to them.

◆Transitive Verb:他動詞◆

A verb done to other things. Pronoun は direct object を verb.

◆Intransitive Verb:自動詞◆

A verb done by itself. Noun が verb.

Transitive

私はドアを開(あ)けました。

私はドアを閉(し)めました。

Intransitive

ドアが開(あ)きました。

ドアが閉(し)まりました。

〇ドアが開(あ)けられました

✖ドアが開(あ)かれました

〇ドアが閉(し)められました。

✖ドアが閉(し)まられました。

Transitive

私は電気(でんき)をつけます。

私は電気(でんき)をけします。

Intransitive

電気(でんき)がつきます。

私は電気(でんき)がきえます。

〇電気(でんき)がつけられました。

✖電気(でんき)がつかれました。

〇電気(でんき)がきえられました。

✖電気(でんき)がけされました。

◆Passive sentence of intransitive verbs◆

Sentences with intransitive verbs can be made passive. In this case, "I" is the recipient of the action and the intransitive verb is the source of the action. Passive sentences with intransitive verbs imply trouble (damage) in the most cases.

昨日(きのう)雨(あめ)が降(ふ)りました。

It rained yesterday.

昨日(きのう)【私(わたし)は】雨(あめ)に降(ふ)られました。

I got caught in the rain yesterday.

昨日(きのう)の夜(よる)、子供(こども)が泣(な)きました。

The child cried last night

昨日(きのう)の夜(よる)、【私(わたしは】子供(こども)に泣(な)かれました。

I was troubled last night as the child cried.

お父(とう)さんは死(し)にました。

My father passed away.

私(わたし)はお父(とう)さん死(し)なれました。

I was troubled because my father passed away.

同僚(どうりょう)は休(やす)みました。

My colleage was absent from work.

私(わたし)は同僚(どうりょう)に休(やす)まれました。

I was troubled as my colleage was absent from work

彼(かれ)は会社(かいしゃ)をやめました。

He quit the job.

私(わたし)は彼(かれ)に会社(かいしゃ)をやめられました。

I was troubled as he quit the job.

先生(せんせい)が喜(よろこ)びます。

The teacher is pleased(happy).

【私(わたし)は】先生(せんせい)に喜(よろこ)ばれた。

I was pleased by the teacher.

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