Episode 77 - How to use Conditional Forms (tara, to, ba, nara)

Chia sẻ

Manage episode 321079622 series 3279748
Thông tin tác giả Masa Sensei được phát hiện bởi Player FM và cộng đồng của chúng tôi - bản quyền thuộc sở hữu của nhà sản xuất (publisher), không thuộc về Player FM, và audio được phát trực tiếp từ máy chủ của họ. Bạn chỉ cần nhấn nút Theo dõi (Subscribe) để nhận thông tin cập nhật từ Player FM, hoặc dán URL feed vào các ứng dụng podcast khác.

- Check my video for more details! -



…と: Constant Results and Actual Conditions

The function is to express constant results. The conjugation is just to attach the plain (dictionary) form to と. When you use nouns and na-adjectives, you need to attach だ like 春だと. By constant results, we mean that it’s an unchanged fact, when you do A, aways B happens. You can use this for natural phenomenons, habitual actions, programmed actions, etc.


ame ga furu to suzushiku narimasu.

If [it] rains, [it] will get cool.


massugu iku to yuubinkyoku ga arimasu.

If you go straight there is a post office.

…ば: Hypothetical Conditions

The function is to express hypothetical conditions like if a hypothesis comes true, X will happen. This indicate that you place priority on the conditional clauses rather than the main clauses.


kusuri o nomeba naoru to omoimasu

[I] think [I] will recover if [I] take the medicine.


natsu ni nareba umi ni ikitai desu

I want to go to the beach when it's summer

…たら: One-Time Results

The function is to express a one-time or a particular result. This has the widest usage and thus we can say たら is most common to express conditionals. The conjugation is to attach ら to the ta-form. By using this, you can express both actual and hypothetical condition.


natsu ga kitara nihon ni ikimasu.

If the summer comes, [I] will go to Japan.


kusuri o nondara naoru to omoimasu

[I] think [I] will recover if [I] take the medicine.

…なら: Contextual Conditions

The function is to respond to someone in a given context. Regarding the other conditional words, you can set a context by yourself. However, you can use …なら only when given a context. The conjugation is just to attach なら to the plain (dictionary) form or the ta-form, which is the only one case that you can attach conditional words to the two forms.


nihongo o hanasu koto ga dekiru hito ga imasu ka?

Is there a person who can speak Japanese?


nihongo nara tomu san ga hanasu koto ga dekimasu yo!

If [you’re talking about] Japanese, Tom can speak [it].


nihongo no hon o yomitai desu

[I] want to try to read Japanese book.


yomitai nara watashi no o kashimashou ka?

If [you] want to read, shall [I] lend mine?


Check out my Youtube Channel!

Wanna support me?


132 tập